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At the American Alliance for Museums’ convening on the future of education in September, I had the pleasure of sharing two scenarios of the future that seem plausible in light of our forecast on the future of learning:
• A vibrant learning grid in which all of us who care about learning create a flexible and radically personalized learning ecosystem that meets the needs of all learners
• A fractured landscape in which only those whose families have the time, money, and resources to customize or supplement their learning journeys have access to learning that adapts to and meets their needs.
While we’re working to contribute to the creation of a vibrant learning grid and I travel the country helping education stakeholders envision possibilities for moving toward a dynamic learning ecosystem that adapts to learners, getting there is not a given. It will take distributed and concerted effort to envision best possibilities for making use of future trends and to pursue sustained systemic transformation from multiple vantage points, some of which sit within today’s K-12 public education system and some of which extend far beyond its boundaries.
So I was excited when some of my fellow convening participants elected to focus during our ideation time on imagining what it would take to build a vibrant learning grid. To roll up our sleeves and begin some big systemic architecture.
As we chatted, we kept circling back to an idea that’s stayed with me. That’s it’s not enough simply to diversify pathways along a fixed curriculum or to personalize supports to help learners do their best in something that looks only a little different from today’s industrial-era education system. That instead we need to design for interest-based collaborative learning that supports learners in directing their own learning journeys according to their interests and goals (with skilled guidance and brokering that helps them connect those interests and goals with the exciting array of opportunities that we expect will proliferate as well as with what we know of future careers, further education opportunities, and the civic and societal dimensions of learning). That personalizing learning for all can’t equate to designing primarily solo learning opportunities, even though some individual pursuits will be appropriate for some learners some of the time. Because we are social beings, and we learn well together when motivated by relevant and authentic challenges.
Since September, I’ve continued to circle back to interest-based collaborative learning as a key facet of the radically personalized learning ecosystem that we hope to create with all of you and many others. The crux of the matter? We need to stop designing for the convenience of adults and start designing for the passions of young people. As we do that, we can’t let any particular systemic structure, however radical it might seem today, become the only one supporting learning. Because learning ecosystems have to keep adapting to stay vibrant.
As I’ve worked with superintendents’ groups around the country this fall, conversations about the potential to create radically personalized learning for all young people have consistently highlighted the need to think anew about the many kinds of infrastructure that might support districts in making such a shift – or prevent them from doing so. As a New Hampshire superintendent in whose district one elementary school is pursuing mass customization observed, today’s data systems and curricular resources do not align with such tailored support for learning. Innovative districts are often working around such systems and are coming up against the limits of their individual spans of control.
The further we move toward radical personalization, not just along a single pathway but along multiple pathways driven by interest-driven collaborative learning, the further out of alignment our current education infrastructure threatens to become.
In order to build the vibrant and diverse learning ecosystem that we would like to see in ten years, and to make it readily available for all students, we need to take a hard look today at the infrastructures surrounding learning. We need to ask whether each one is supporting the kind of learning that we want to promote, whether it is impeding that approach to learning, whether it is simply obsolete, and whether it is working with other systems in a coherent way. This scrutiny will involve designing at a broad scale for a very granular, or individual, level of learning.
More specifically, to support radically personalized learning, our education infrastructures need to have the flexibility to support multiple kinds of learning experiences happening at anytime, anywhere, and in any way. Whether we’re talking statewide data systems of the kind that inBloom has been attempting (amid much controversy) to initiate, data backpacks that enable learning records to follow a child across learning experiences, learning-focused assessment and accountability systems, or some other type of infrastructure, we need to put learning and learners at the center and design from there. That process will involve crossing any number of boundaries that can serve as barriers today. As the inBloom controversy has been demonstrating, it will require careful examination of critical issues such as privacy and clear communication with our publics.
It will also involve taking nothing for granted. While we might end up doing some things exactly as we do them today, doing them that way simply because that’s what we’re accustomed to will not suffice. We won’t be able to deliver on the promise of radically personalized learning without challenging layers and layers of assumptions, setting aside our stake in the current game, and keeping our service to learners front and center. Nor will we be able to do so without enacting courageous and creative leadership that looks beyond today’s constraints to possibilities and designs back from our highest aspirations for all young people, regardless of their families’ means.
District participants at a recent Connecticut Association of Public School Superintendents workshop on the future of learning emphasized the potential to pursue regional solutions that can meet the needs of more learners, instead of every district’s struggling to meet every need on its own. They saw the potential both for districts to collaborate in creating regional solutions today and for those solutions to open the way toward even greater innovation tomorrow. As we looked ten years out and envisioned the best possibilities for learning, participants saw such boundary-spanning as a strategy that they could employ today to move toward a personalized future of learning that truly meets the needs of all students.
I see this kind of boundary spanning within the public education system – and with other kinds of entities that could also have a role in delivering or supporting learning – as being a key way of pursuing the diverse learning ecosystem toward which future trends point. It also promises to be critical in making that learning ecosystem vibrant for, and accessible to, all learners. Designing for learning – and especially for the kind of radically personalized learning that we think will be possible – will require what the Institute for the Future describes as organizing learning not around educational institutions but around learning flows. It will also require designing for learners’ needs and convenience, not for those of adults.
In one example of such cross-boundary collaboration, in 2011 North Carolina passed legislation authorizing multiple school districts to establish a regional school serving students from multiple districts. The Northeast Regional Early College High School of Biotechnology and Agriscience draws students from five school districts in partnership with North Carolina State University and operates at the North Carolina Department of Agriculture’s Tidewater Research Station property.
In another example, the Providence After-School Alliance brings community-based learning experiences into the Providence, Rhode Island, school district. Connecting middle- and high-school students with community-based experiential learning opportunities, this nonprofit organization not only connects young people with after-school and expanded learning programs but also partners with the public school district so that students earn badges for participating in those experiences. In other words, they get credit in the public school system for their community-based learning experiences.
Lastly, the Virtual High School Collaborative highlights the possibility of exchanging learning resources across as well as within states. Charging school districts a nominal membership fee to cover basic expenses, this network operates as a barter system in which each participating school offers one teacher to teach 25 students from member schools. In return, that teacher’s home school gets 25 places for students to take any of the 200-plus courses that the collaborative offers.
While today’s districts might or might not be the ideal unit of organization for the future, such examples highlight the potential to enrich possibilities for learners by working creatively within and across those structures to enable more kinds of learning experiences. As our forecast highlights, the future of learning promises to be one in which educators create many right solutions to meet different learners’ needs. Why should we limit ourselves to a structure that evolved to suit an outdated industrial education system? Instead, let’s work with existing structures, and within existing regulatory frameworks, to create more pathways toward success. Regional partnerships, community-based learning brokers, and interstate collaboratives represent just some of the ways in which we can think creatively about organizational structures in order to transition today’s public education system toward being a viable node within a vibrant and radically personalized learning ecosystem.
Looking back at where we’ve come since the publication of “A Nation at Risk” thirty years ago from the perspective of looking ahead to the trends shaping learning ten years out provided, as my colleague Jesse Moyer anticipated in his related post, much food for thought and commentary.
Given my focus on looking ahead toward a vibrant learning ecosystem in which all learners have the opportunity and support to prepare to their fullest for college, career, and civic life – which would represent a profound system transformation from an industrial to an ecological paradigm – it struck me that the report’s authors wrote of “the task of rebuilding our system of learning” (14). More particularly, they envisioned a Learning Society at whose heart:
are educational opportunities extending far beyond the traditional institutions of learning, our schools and colleges. They extend into homes and workplaces; into libraries, art galleries, museums, and science centers; indeed, into every place where the individual can develop and mature in work and life.
Thirty years later, education remains so separate from other domains that I counted it as a big victory when I had the opportunity last month to join the American Alliance of Museum’s convening on the future of education. Because I work in education. K-12 education, to be exact.
Instead of generating creative possibilities for how schools might interact and intersect with many other kinds of community resources to create a diverse learning ecosystem that makes it easy for each child to engage in the rich and particular array of learning experiences that he or she needs to thrive, the standards-based reform movement has generally focused the national education conversation ever more narrowly on what’s happening in schools – including calls for spending more time doing more of the same even though it only works well enough for some students. This movement has attempted to clamp down on and further control an industrial system whose time has passed and which cannot possibly serve the needs of today’s learners because the era of factories and routines has simply ended.
In the emerging creative economy, there will be fewer full-time jobs. Those jobs that do exist will be relatively specialized. More and more of us will find ourselves creating mosaic careers and engaging in ongoing learning in support of continuous career readiness. Forecasts on the future of work suggest that the only constant over the next ten years will be change. Indeed, a recent Aspen Institute report highlighted dispositions related to managing change as being among the most important career-ready skills.
And we’ve all seen in recent weeks ample evidence of the dysfunction toward which U.S. civic society is sinking as strong opinions, strongly held increasingly fracture conversations about governance and threaten to bring not just the federal government but also the economy to a screeching halt.
We simply can’t keep tweaking the current education system and talking about incremental reforms. We can’t keep treating teachers as if they are cogs in an industrial machine and students as if they are empty vessels waiting to consume the kind of information that fits well into standardized tests. We must treat teachers and learners as creators. To have any hope of being more than a nation at perpetual risk, we must transform learning.
And we must do so with a clear vision for what we want to create, planning backward from the future instead of forward from today. “A Nation at Risk” attributed the decline of American education to a “weakness of purpose, confusion of vision, underuse of talent, and lack of leadership” (16). To transform learning for the future – for all kids’ futures – we must take a huge collective leap forward toward a shared vision for a diverse learning ecosystem that has the flexibility and resilience to adapt not just to individual learners but also to our ever-changing times.
Otherwise, the U.S. will be not just a nation at economic and civic risk; we will be a deeply inequitable nation in which only those with means are able to avail themselves of the very resources and tools whose emergence highlight the promise of an expanded learning ecosystem.
At StriveTogether’s network convening last week, I had the chance to hear Joseph Jezierski of Red Wing Public Schools, Scott Jones of Every Hand Joined, Dan Ryan of All Hands Raised, Carole Smith of Portland Public Schools, and George Tang of Educate Texas discuss what it takes for school districts and community stakeholders to partner for success in pursuing shared outcomes and aligning community resources toward cradle to career success for all students. They emphasized how very different this kind of collaboration is from that to which superintendents are accustomed. So different, in fact, that “it can feel like creating another school board.”
The crux of the difference? In collective impact approaches such as StriveTogether, community organizations are shifting from looking for students for whom those opportunities might be a fit to collaborating with school districts toward a shared goal. The panelists described it as breaking down the silos of everyone pursuing their own goals and approaching schools from the perspective of “not to you or for you – with you.” For schools, they said, it’s about moving beyond community engagement to cultivating commitment among community partners.
This kind of shared ownership and community-wide accountability for learners’ success reflects the ways in which we need to rethink the interrelationships among learning and other aspects of community infrastructure in order to create a vibrant learning ecosystem that can meet the needs of all learners.
As our most recent forecast highlights, trends such as a move toward a sharing economy, the emergence of a do-it-yourself culture, the proliferation of real-time feedback about what is happening in communities, and inside-out urban schools point toward the potential for learning to become embedded across civic landscapes in ways that are hard to envision today. As we increasingly approach cities as shared spaces that we not only cohabit but also co-create, we have the potential to re-imagine learning as a shared community asset. Indeed, those communities that create rich learning landscapes could revitalize not just their education systems but also their economies and cultures.
To get there, we need new kinds of partnerships, new kinds of learning experiences, new kinds of infrastructure, new kinds of data flows, and new kinds of roles for supporting children across their learning journeys. It will be a shared journey toward equitable, interest-driven, collaborative learning. We will all chart the way together.
Katherine Prince guest blogs this week for ASCD’s Whole Child blog in “A Resilient Learning Ecosystem or Fractured Learning Landscape.” From her post:
The great challenge of the coming disruption is whether we will deliver on the promise of radical personalization for all children, not just those whose families have the time, attention, and means to shape and supplement their learning journeys. If we do not take a deep look at redesigning the education system, we risk creating a fractured learning landscape dominated by two parallel and unequal pathways: an ailing public education system and a rich array of alternative and customized approaches to which only the fortunate have access.
In July I had the pleasure of collaborating with ASCD to design their Leader to Leader conference around KnowledgeWorks’ forecast on the future of learning, Recombinant Education. It highlights the emerging opportunity to combine talent and resources in new ways to ensure that every child has the best possible support in realizing his or her full potential.
Indeed, as the accompanying infographic details, we think that it is possible to create a diverse learning ecosystem characterized by radical personalization, one in which learning adapts to each child. Getting there will require a collaborative and ongoing design process out of which many right solutions will emerge.
At the conference, many compelling questions about how to design for the future of learning emerged. I’ve shared three of them below, along with insights from participants and my reflections on what our strategic foresight work suggests.
• How are we going to articulate the value of public education compared to other kinds of learning experiences? Public education represents important shared values as well as essential goals such as equity for all learners. We know the best of it when we see it. But we don’t yet have good ways of articulating why a learner should stay. In addition, there’s great potential for diversification with the public education system. Not all learners need the same solutions. Furthermore, we no longer operate in the industrial economy for which the system was designed. It’s time to think anew not just about how we describe the value of public education, but about what that value is and how that system supports learners. Indeed, public education, or any learning experience, could have multiple value propositions, each of which might appeal to certain learners.
• Could there be a referral system across nodes of the learning ecosystem? In other words, might it be possible to think of public education and other kinds of learning experiences less in terms of either/or but in terms of both/and? Our forecast highlights the need to blur and span boundaries across many aspects of the learning system. If we truly designed the future of learning for learners, knowing that any given learner might need a different mix of learning experiences and supports at various points along his or her learning journey, we could create an interconnected learning ecosystem in which learners moved seamlessly across learning experiences, public or otherwise. Public education could serve a vital role in providing informed referral services to help ensure that learners’ needs, interests, and goals drove the individualized learning playlists that we think will be not just possible but prevalent.
• How can we accelerate or leapfrog our collective progress in helping all learners succeed for college, career, and life? Even where the educators at the conference were seeing progress toward competency education, which we at KnowledgeWorks support as a strong pathway for moving toward radically personalized learning, they saw the need to shift from simply moving at students’ own pace to being driven by what students want to learn. Our forecast suggests that it’s entirely possible to shape learning around students’ interests while still ensuring that all students attain a common set of learning outcomes. That’s a design choice we can make. And we have many other choices to make in using future trends to take learning in the direction that we want it to go.
Looking across these questions and reflections, it’s essential to approach the future of learning from a generative rather than a defensive stance. Gaining insight into future trends gives us all a chance to steer learning toward the outcomes that we want for all learners. We need to focus on creating those outcomes instead of preserving today’s structures simply because we’re accustomed to them. We need to design for learners and let the structures follow.
For the past several years, we’ve been referring to students as “learners” in our strategic foresight publications as one way of making the point that we need to rethink not just how, when, and where learning occurs but also what relationships exist in relation to it. As I’ve worked with education stakeholders around the country to envision their ideal future learning ecosystems, the structures and details have varied, but the designs have consistently put learners at the center.
When the staff of NC New Schools approached this task last month, one of the groups decided that “learners” didn’t go far enough in conveying the change that needs to take place. Instead, they deliberately placed “scholars” at the center of their learning ecosystem map in order to make the point that young people need to become active agents of their own learning.
Their map placed self-directed scholars at the center of the future learning ecosystem surrounded by and moving seamlessly across physical, virtual, and community-based learning experiences. Their map also depicted a whole host of learning agents supporting each scholar toward success. Those learning agents ranged from parents and friends to life coaches, healthcare providers, advisors and learning mentors, policymakers and budget managers, community organizers, and business liaisons.
Both the emphasis on the word “scholar” and this broad view of future learning agent roles underscore the need to expand our mental models about every aspect of teaching and learning. As we face the exciting and monumental task of transforming learning to make best use of the disruptive forces shaping our future, we need to question every assumption. Redesigning learning around learners – or scholars – means reconsidering every aspect of it and being willing to discover multiple good solutions. It also means questioning and spanning boundaries and getting far more granular than we have been about how to support each individual in reaching his or her full potential.
As our recent infographic highlights, it’s looking possible for learning to adapt to each child instead of each child trying to adapt to school. But we have to be willing to let learning look quite different than it did when we were in school, and quite different from one scholar to another.
At the Council of Chief State School Officers’ deputies’ meeting in July, I shared the big story of our forecast on the future of learning, Recombinant Education, as a way of situating a conversation that Education Delivery Institute was leading on building state education agencies’ capacity. The forecast served as a frame for encouraging deputies to examine their strategies and operations in the context of aspirational visions for learning in their states.
In addition to underscoring the possibility of enabling radically personalized learning that prepares every child for college or career, the conversation raised the need to manage against potential negative outcomes of future trends. As with any future forecast, it is possible with ours to draw out scenarios that we would not wish to see realized. For example, there is a plausible future in which no child with means remains enrolled in public education. There is another in which personalized learning opportunities and supports are only available to learners whose families have the time and resources needed to customize their learning journeys.
When addressing how we might manage significant issues such as equity, quality, common learning outcomes, and helping learners know about and access options in a more diverse and more student-driven learning ecosystem than exists today, I usually raise two questions:
• Is the public education system meeting the needs of all learners today?
• How could the public education system position itself in relation to other nodes within a diverse learning ecosystem such that it provided safeguards against socioeconomic gaps and disparate outcomes?
In addition, I see the potential for state education agencies to take a leadership role in working with the full range of future learning providers to establish new ways of ensuring equity, establishing quality, agreeing core outcomes, and ensuring that every learner knows about and can access learning options. State education agencies can also play a key role in establishing shared infrastructure that enables learners to move seamlessly across learning experiences regardless of geographic boundaries (including state lines).
Some areas where state education agencies might enable the shift toward an expanded learning ecosystem include:
• Creating space for innovation within the current public education system
• Working with other stakeholders to waive seat-time requirements
• Encouraging multiple pathways toward personalized learning
• Encouraging learning solutions, such as regional schools, that meet specific learning needs apart from traditional boundaries
• Supporting the development of a shared inter-state technical infrastructure that enables the data about learners’ experiences to flow appropriately across learning experiences
• Enabling mechanisms for learners to gain credit for informal or community-based learning experiences
• Exploring with other stakeholders new funding mechanisms that can help learners cross traditional boundaries.
Whether state education agencies explore these or other paths toward a future that realizes the best possibilities for all learners, they have a key role to play in building not just their own organizational capacities but also the capacity for education transformation in their states.
That’s how Troy Thrash of Air Zoo described his table’s vision for using the forces of change described in KnowledgeWorks’ Forecast 3.0 and the accompanying infographic to create breakthrough change in learning.
At last week’s workshop on the future of learning sponsored by the Kalamazoo Community Foundation and The Learning Network of Greater Kalamazoo, the need to support learners in families arose as a central theme for addressing both equity and the emerging need for continuous career readiness in response to rapidly changing work environments. Taking a whole-family perspective goes beyond my usual way of talking about how we need to put learners at the center of the future learning ecosystem and support them as whole people. Workshop participants emphasized supporting whole families throughout their lifelong learning journeys.
In imagining new learning agent (future educator) roles, they went on to identify a variety of possible roles that were consistent with this idea:
• Parent engagement specialists
• Youth opportunities directors (similar to life coaches)
• Transitional coaches for students and parents
• Person-centered navigators who would work with parents throughout a learner’s journey and across systems
• People who could bridge the home and school environments
• Community members who worked as co-teachers to help ensure cultural inclusion.
In devising these roles, participants saw the need for some learning agents to specialize in providing ongoing involvement with and support for families as well as targeted support for people of all ages across key transitions (a young person graduating from high school, a parent changing careers, etc.).
At the community-wide meeting the previous evening, Jo Ann Mundy of ERAC/Ce made the important point that focusing on individualized learning may not be ideal for learners whose cultures emphasize community. Many of the trends that I describe in sharing our forecast point toward the potential for radically personalized learning. Knowing when to design for learning in cohorts or communities and when to design individually tailored learning journeys will form a core aspect of that personalization.
For more media coverage on the events in Kalamazoo, see WKZO’s “The revolution will not be televised, it will be digitized” and WMKU’s “Do schools face a digital revolution?”
When my colleague Jesse Moyer and I visited Boston Day and Evening Academy (BDEA) recently, I was especially curious to learn about ways in which the school’s approach had impacted the roles of adults in the school. BDEA serves over-aged and under-credentialed students via a competency-based education model that Jesse describes further on the CompetencyWorks website and in an earlier post on this blog.
BDEA has a team of instructional leaders, who include a director of curriculum and instruction, department heads, and lead teachers. A transition coordinator helps smooth students’ way into the school, and a director of post graduate planning helps them meet with success after graduation.
During the core of their studies, a student support team focuses on students’ social and emotional growth. Student support counselors become involved during the intake process and stay with cohorts of students until they graduate. As part of advising students on their learning pathways, teachers also refer students to the team.
As we learned during the tour, BDEA has had to trim its student support team to four due to budget constraints. To counterbalance that reduction without compromising student support, the school has been making greater use of graduate student interns, whose pay comes from sources other than its own budget.
On Fridays, external partners host experiential electives at the school based on students’ interests so that the teaching staff can focus on planning, collaboration, and professional development. Electives support core learning and help students progress toward a career. (Current areas of interest include art studio, voice, culinary arts, dance, hydroponics, and fitness.) Each partner is a specialist in his or her area but is not necessarily a certified teacher, and each one commits to a regular engagement with the school in order to build trust with, and provide consistency for, students. Next year’s plans include strengthening the connections between such electives and the school’s academic program.
As the staff whom we met described it, supporting students through their time at BDEA involves partnership, and community is key. In a case study of BDEA, Rebecca Wolfe highlighted how competency education there “is more than a grading or curricular system; it is a cultural, structural, and instructional mindset.” That mindset is, of course, reflected in the staff structure that I’ve been describing.
To me, these roles also stand out as examples of the shift toward the more diverse educator roles – which we call learning agents – that our forecast on the future of learning describes. For the BDEA staff that opened the school’s doors to us, it seemed hard to focus on the idea that they had created innovative roles for supporting learning. Their focus seemed simply to be on student success.
For a couple of years now, KnowledgeWorks has been calling out the need for educators to develop skills in education transition in order to move, as our 2020 forecast update put it, “from a mass production, teacher-delivery model to one characterized by individual learning.” My conversations with education stakeholders around our latest forecast continue to highlight the massive change management process that moving toward a radically personalized learning ecosystem will entail for existing institutions. As an attendee of the Urban Serving Universities summer meeting reminded me, this challenge intensifies in the face of a not-insignificant tendency to wait out the latest change if it doesn’t appeal.
I think of education transition in terms of needing tools, skills, and mindsets similar to scale to what the Transition Town movement aims to catalyze in response to the challenges of peak oil and climate change. Just as that movement provides communities with an approach to finding their particular solutions, we need general skills that can be used in many settings so that we can create the many right solutions that learners will need.
The more I’ve thought about this need, the more I’ve gravitated toward thinking about design principles that we can use in creating the future of learning that we’d like to bring about. Here are some that resonate in light of KnowledgeWorks’ forecast and the Institute for the Future’s latest research on ten-year trends.
What do you think of these design principles? Would you challenge any of them, add others? Do you find any of them particularly appealing?
Guest Post by Nick Donahue, President and CEO of Nellie Mae Education Foundation At Nellie Mae Education Foundation (NMEF), we envision a system driven by learning, and not constrained by the traditional school calendar or even the classroom. We envision transforming today’s “one-size-fits-all” approach to school design into an approach that targets the skills and knowledge students need while connecting learning to their experiences, strengths and interests.
KnowledgeWorks’ Recombinant Education forecast calls for a dramatic shift of the vibrant education ecosystem, resulting in a learning infrastructure that places students at the center of this experience. Student-centered approaches to learning move beyond the classroom and school calendar, creating more adaptive learning opportunities that help students master both the academic knowledge and the critical thinking, problem-solving and communication skills they need to thrive beyond high school.
By fundamentally rethinking our education system, we flip the current system on its head, designing it around the student and their ability to learn, learning becomes more equitable and effective. Our high schools not only graduate more students on time and on track, but those learners graduate ready to thrive in college, work and in our communities. But this also requires a rethinking of how we enlist the public in creating change.
This shift in how we design our schools, how we deliver instruction, and how we evaluate the success of our students requires an engaged community, demanding a system that looks forward to what is possible rather than one that relies on what has always been. It requires a public conversation about our core values as a community, acknowledging education as the collective good that it is.
Although a majority of Americans agree that our public education system could use improvement, building consensus about how it should be improved is hindered by differences in perspective, culture, power, and awareness. Individual ideas about education reform may be informed by individual needs but lack a systems-wide perspective that could facilitate more productive understanding of education and more effective self-advocacy for change.
A sustained, substantial demand for change from communities is essential to any effort that attempts to create lasting transformation. Many communities—especially those that have been traditionally disenfranchised—lack the power to have their collective voices heard. Even when a community recognizes a need for change, they may not have the resources to fight for change and can become discouraged by what may seem an insurmountable problem.
At NMEF, we are supporting efforts to increase access to the options available to these traditionally underserved communities. Our objective, shared by many in the education reform field, is not only to promote greater levels of awareness of student-centered approaches to learning, but to foster a greater demand for adoption of these approaches from the communities they impact most.
Making that happen – by making the most of the trends highlighted in KnowledgeWorks’ latest forecast – will take concerted effort at the community, district, and state, and federal levels. Like an orchestra, where each player must achieve excellence not only individually but also in harmony with others to achieve a common goal, community leaders must work together with school boards, taxpayers, families, teachers, principals and administrators toward a new system that a changing America requires. No orchestra learns new music overnight. But transformational change is possible if we all play our part to achieve the system we all desire.
Guest post by Lois Adams-Rogers, Consultant and Jennifer Davis, Program Director, Innovation Lab Network, CCSSO
In February, 2013, Innovation Lab Network (ILN) deputy commissioners and state points of contact, along with selected invitees, gathered together for a full work day to explore key levers for transforming education in their states. The framework used by these educators was KnowledgeWorks’ new future forecast, Recombinant Education: Regenerating the Learning Ecosystem.
The focus of this day was to provide a safe space for state leaders in the Innovation Lab Network to push their thinking as they considered innovations, policy implications, and future directions while leading transformative change designed to equip ALL students with the knowledge, skills, and dispositions to be ready for college, career, citizenship, and lifelong learning.
KnowledgeWorks’ new futures map and the various activities throughout the day stimulated the discussion and provided the opportunity for “out-of-the-box” thinking and solution-seeking. Participants agree that the challenge ahead, regardless of the state, is to create the conditions for change through their local-to-state design work and through the collective work of the ILN. States must set conditions that enable competency-based, personalized, anytime-anywhere learning to re-shape the student experience – essentially “regenerating the learning ecosystem,” to borrow from the lingo of the day. New relationships among system levels; new roles for educators; new experiences and pathways for students; new metrics, data, business models, and investment strategies: these are the kinds of elements of change discussed at the meeting that states face as they seek to transform their education systems.
Of course, the paradox of maintaining continuous improvement, while also designing a new system, is inherent in experiences of ILN states; but progress is being made, and the Innovation Lab Network continues to illustrate the power of learning with and from one another in the midst of such challenging work.
I’m excited to announce KnowledgeWorks’ release of a new infographic on the future of learning. “A Glimpse into the Future of Learning” tells the big story of radical personalization, customization, and adaptive learning that is detailed in our third full forecast on the future of learning, Recombinant Education.
We expect the next ten years to be a time of disruptive change for education, with the field getting deeply reconfigured to include a much broader range of learning approaches and supports than are possible or prevalent today.
The disruption is likely to compare in magnitude to that which Amazon brought to retailing or iTunes brought to the music industry. It will be enabled by factors such as our deepening understanding of cognition and motivation, new sources of social innovation, ever-evolving collaborative technologies, and increasingly distributed organization of work and other productive activity.
Looking at a whole field ten years out is a lot more complicated (and, we hope, more accurate) than reading someone’s future with a crystal ball. For that reason, our forecast goes both broad and deep. But it’s a lot to digest. In developing the infographic, we wanted to provide a more readily accessible narrative that synthesizes the trend detail for the purpose of engaging more people in transforming learning.
As we travel together through the murky haze of the future while doing all that we can for learners today, we can’t rely on maps because the territory hasn’t yet been invented. We have to create it together as we go. The task at hand is vast: to harness massive forces of change toward the best possible outcomes for learners, and to do so in a way that enables the new learning ecosystem to develop, adapt, and reshape itself to fit each learner while also staying in sync with the ever-evolving world around us.
I hope “A Glimpse into the Future of Learning” sheds useful light on future possibilities and helps us work together to support all children in learning in the ways that suit them best. Since we can’t map the terrain, I hope the infographic provides a handy set of guideposts for considering what levers to pull today in support of bringing about the best for all learners tomorrow.
This morning KnowledgeWorks published its first infographic, A Glimpse Into the Future of Learning. Based on insights delivered through Recombinant Education: Regenerating the Learning Ecosystem, this infographic tells the big story of changes we believe point the way toward a diverse learning ecosystem in which learning adapts to each child instead of each child trying to adapt to school. Visit our news room to learn more or download your own copy today.
Guest Post by Marsha L. Semmel.
Marsha L. Semmel was the Director for Strategic Partnerships at the Institute of Museum and Library Services from 2003-13. She is currently Senior Adviser, Noyce Leadership Institute, and Independent Consultant on Leadership, Partnerships, and Policy for Cultural Institutions.
A proposition: let’s remap our understanding of our learning ecosystem to include the nation’s more than 140,000 museums and libraries. These highly trusted institutions, representing almost every academic discipline and present in almost every community, are too often absent from our conversations about the future of learning. Yet many of them provide those meaningful, personalized, and accessible lifelong learning experiences that fit the bill—often even better than the classroom—for what John Seely Brown and Douglas Thomas describe as “a new culture for learning,” one that cultivates “the imagination for a world of constant change.”
I’m not a futurist, but I’m keenly interested in – nay, passionate – about today’s learning revolution. Therefore, I eagerly consumed KnowledgeWorks Forecast 3.0, Recombinant Education: Regenerating the Learning Ecosystem, with its description of five societal “disruptions that will change everything” and concomitant opportunities and challenges for education. Just as the formal P-16 educational system is reframing its role in this new environment of ‘learners” and “learning agents,” the existing networks of museums and libraries are going through similar sea changes in light of broader societal, social, scientific, and technological shifts.
In my recent position as Director of Strategic Partnerships at the Institute of Museum and Library Services, a federal agency funding grants, research, and other projects that build the capacity of museums and libraries, I worked with many public and private partners to spotlight and leverage learning trends that will impact these institutions. Through funding incentives, publications, resources, and convenings, the agency has used its federal mandate and “bully pulpit” to strengthen the ways in which museums and libraries accelerate their efforts to make a difference in the new world of learning. Initiatives have included Museums, Libraries and 21st Century Skills; the IMLS/Salzburg Global Seminar (and report) on Libraries and Museums in an Era of Participatory Culture; a partnership with the John D. and Catherine T. MacArthur Foundation to create 24 learning labs for teens around the country; a STEM Video Game Challenge partnership with the Joan Ganz Cooney Center at Sesame Workshop that supported gaming workshops in libraries and museums; and grant support for several library- and museum-based Maker spaces.
Recently, the agency joined forces with the national Campaign for Grade-Level Reading to engage libraries and museums in the Campaign’s efforts to address the nation’s urgent challenges in the areas of school readiness, summer learning loss, and chronic absenteeism. The Campaign roots its work deeply in connecting disparate elements of the community’s learning infrastructure, including the home, pre-school, social service organizations—and libraries and museums. It recognizes the need to include digital resources and engage parents, caregivers, and the young learners themselves, preparing them for the skills and competencies needed for the future. Thus far, this partnership has included a series of museum/library collaboration grants and a new report, Growing Young Minds: How Museums and Libraries Create Lifelong Learners.
What are some characteristics of museum and library learning? At their best, museums and libraries are welcoming, accessible places where people of all ages—individuals, families, or peer groups—can pursue their passions, create their own learning paths, and have their learning horizons stimulated and broadened through experiences, programs, and the guidance of by knowledgeable staff and volunteers. These experiences and services take place on-site and off-site, in physical spaces or online—and in multiple venue combinations. All of the boundary blurring described in Recombinant Education is occurring in our libraries and museums, with virtual exhibitions; distance learning courses; and mobile, pop-up spaces at farmer’s markets, churches, and shopping centers happening with increasing frequency. Many projects are co-created with audiences, including crowdsourcing and public “curation” of exhibition content, “citizen digitization” of museum and library collections, “gamification” of educational programs, and everything from homework help, nutrition tips for parents, to customized way finding available on mobile devices.
Museums and libraries have always worked with schools, through student field trips, artifact trunks, after-school and summer programs, and pre-service and in-service professional development for teachers. That work continues, with new themes and variations (such as electronic field trips) afforded by new technologies. Many of these organizations are working closely with schools on the enhancement of state and local standards, including the Common Core and Next Generation Science Standards. Further, museums and libraries are expanding their partnerships with housing authorities, hospitals, homeless shelters, Head Start centers, faith-based organizations, universities, and neighborhood and civic associations to work collectively on community problems. In this way, they are active players in, sometimes the spearheads for, powerful, community-based learning ecosystems.
Not all museums and libraries are on the new learning frontier, however. Behind the early adopters are many still deeply rooted in past practices that preserve the old models, including traditional organization charts, bricks-and-mortar-bound budget priorities, and static programming. As organizations where preservation and conservation of knowledge, artifacts, and documents have been hallmark values, the types of dynamic change and nimble reinvention called for today can seem irrelevant or daunting. And all of our organizations—even those in the lead—are coping with the repositioning required by the forecast’s disruptive challenges. Therefore, just as our museums and libraries have much to add, they have much to learn from the insights of Recombinant Education.
As we all chart our paths through our emerging learning ecosystem, I hope that we recognize the potential of museums and libraries as vital learning hubs that can play an essential role in its realization.
In April, I had the pleasure of helping Collective Invention facilitate a Learning 2030 event hosted by the Nellie Mae Education Foundation. The event guided education leaders from the New England states in exploring the future of learning through personas of learners and learning agents and scenarios of alternative futures. KnowledgeWorks’ Forecast 3.0 and 2020 Forecast had been among the resources that informed the materials that Collective Invention created for this event.
As we explored future possibilities, the conversation kept cycling back to choice. As we imagine a diverse and modular learning ecosystem, it’s easy to concentrate on the plethora of choices that learners and their families will have. To project that many students might create completely customized learning journeys. And then to worry that they will not have sufficient guidance in following those paths and taking ownership of their own learning in ways that most schools do not ask students to do today.
Then, one participant articulated the distinction between choice and personalization, observing that the kind of radical personalization we project as being within reach is possible whether or not the learning ecosystem offers such a broad array of choices. It is entirely possible for a student to attend one assigned school and to have highly personalized supports and learning modalities, even if he or she is pursuing the exact same learning objectives as every other student in that school. That school just needs to be designed differently than most schools are today.
As the conversation continued, another participant further delineated among choice, personalization, and freedom. Learners and their families have the freedom to opt in or out of any particular learning experience, public school or otherwise. Whether it’s not engaging to the fullest. Learning to play the game of school. Supplementing school with “informal” learning experiences. Stepping off the mainstream track to homeschooling, unschooling, or some other alternative route.
But beyond that, what if the public system itself could be free from many of the constraints that challenge or curtail innovation today? Looking beyond waivers, what would we do if we weren’t hampered by narrow accountability measures? If we weren’t facing a climate of growing surveillance of teachers’ performance? If we had as much money as we used to benefit from?
And then, knowing what we’d really like to do, how can we get there? Once we have a clear vision for the future of learning, we can work together to find ways of getting there. We can exercise choice in focusing on what we want to create even as we manage today’s obstacles. We can free our energy from focusing on those constraints by taking a generative stance. Hopefully, we can to begin to personalize learning for today’s students even as we engage in the hard work of education transformation.
As Margaret Wheatley and Deborah Frieze put it in Walk Out Walk On, we can “walk out of limiting beliefs and assumptions and walk on to create healthy and resilient communities.”
Andrea Saveri, with whom we wrote Recombinant Education: Regenerating the Learning Ecosystem, recently posted on Edutopia’s blog about how today’s educators can begin taking advantage of the trends that it describes.
In “Five Future Trends That Will Impact the Learning Ecosystem,” she highlights opportunities to:
• Cultivate an entrepreneurial mindset
• Explore personalization strategies
• Consider ways of diversifying school formats
• Help students prepare for new ways showing what they’ve learned
• Explore ways of partnering within the community to begin transforming urban landscapes.
It can be hard to see how to channel future disruptions to create the outcomes that we want for all learners. Andrea has done a great job of translating the forecast’s insights into an immediate classroom context.
KnowledgeWorks’ Forecast 3.0 details five disruptions that will reshape learning over the next decade. One of them, de-institutionalized production, describes a huge shift in the ways in which we organize work and other meaningful activities. As people rely increasingly on networks to match specialized talent with particular organizational needs, and as we increasingly self-organize around mutual goals, what it means to be career ready will change.
We expect to see a decline in full-time employment over the next two decades, with more of us crafting mosaic careers that piece together ad hoc employment gigs. Already, Presence Learning is helping speech pathologists, and now also occupational therapists, connect with school districts to spread their talents across locations in the specific amount of time needed to support those districts’ learners. Similarly, groups such as oDesk are connecting professional freelance workers with employers across the globe.
By continuing to displace workers who perform relatively routine tasks, automation will also contribute to the decline of full-time employment. For example, a restaurant in Harbin, China, is staffed entirely by robots – hosts, servers, cooks. Imagine what could happen to jobs such as taxi drivers and chauffeurs when autonomous vehicles (for example, Google driverless cars) enter the mainstream. Such shifts will radically change the skills that today’s learners need to succeed in a globally networked world. I’m not prepared today to network across multiple media and platforms or to manage my personal brand in a global marketplace. And of course we have no idea what jobs will exist in ten years. So we’ll be facing a climate of continuous career readiness, with each of us retooling our skills and layering on experiences and credentials as the road ahead unfolds.
Since it does little good to prepare today’s learners for specific jobs that might not exist when they graduate, how can we help them develop sustainable career-readiness? At the summer meeting of the Coalition of Urban Serving Universities and the Association of Public Land Grant Universities, where I had the pleasure of sharing KnowledgeWorks’ forecast on a panel examining the future of education and the urban university, I also got to hear Rick Stephens, formerly of Boeing, and Lee Fisher of CEOs for Cities, discuss how employers and universities can collaborate toward such ends.
The discussion emphasized that, from an employer’s perspective, the best students are those with critical thinking skills who can recreate themselves several times over the course of a work life. It also underscored the value of experiential learning that gives learners the chance to do meaningful work with real teams in which they can apply their course learning and develop skills such as collaboration, community engagement, and problem solving. The speakers cited internships as one way of helping students develop these skills and establishing cohorts of students who move through programs of study together as another.
Lee Fisher put it bluntly: “STEM is not as important as critical thinking and problem solving.” He also highlighted the huge difference being choosing a major and choosing a career, noting that “those two conversations are increasingly out of sync” and going on to suggest that we might think of students’ having two majors, one focused on subjects and one focused on skills.
Of course, this emphasis on what we have come to label twenty-first century skills is not new, and there are other ways (for example, competency education) of integrating the acquisition of academic knowledge with core skills and dispositions. But I found the emphasis on preparing for future career evolution – what our forecast calls “extreme career mobility” – refreshing at a time when we risk making learning outcomes too specifically vocational, with too little regard to what we might come to think of as a new career sustainability.