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Don’t wait, states: Start planning and designing for ESSA now

Posts from WOL - Wed, 2016-06-15 13:03

Within the last couple of weeks, the United States Department of Education released the first set of ESSA regulations. These regulations, now open for public comment, cover accountability, school improvement and state plans.

Their release provides a good moment to underscore that we are at a national turning point in education. Over the next few months, the regulations will be available for comment periods before being released as final regulations. It is imperative that states don’t wait for the final regulations but begin to execute on a design process now. As has been stated, on multiple accounts in multiple ways, it is essential for states to seize the opportunities in ESSA to transform their statewide systems of education.

It is incumbent on states to actively plan now and engage local stakeholders in designing their education systems. States must be thoughtful in how they design education systems, aligning accountability, school improvement, assessment, educator workforce, and extended learning opportunity policies to create a cohesive system that prepares all students for success from cradle to career.

And it begins with asking the right questions of the right district level stakeholders. When it comes to accountability and assessment, for example, what should you ask yourself and your partners when designing under ESSA?

We believe that an aligned system, established in partnership with districts, communities, and leaders across sectors, should ensure that every student benefits from a personalized education where instruction and supports are aligned to individual interests and needs. Fortunately, ESSA provides a number of high-leverage opportunities to advance a vision for personalized learning throughout each major element of the education system.

We also believe that effective state level implementation must begin with the design process and with engaging district level stakeholders. Questions drive the design process allowing for the development of a vision as well as account for issues such as college and career readiness, equity, and continuous improvement. For example, in the areas of accountability and assessment, states should wrestle with the following questions as they design their systems of education in response to ESSA:

Accountability

  • What long-term goals and measurements of interim progress will the state establish to ensure ambitious gains in school and student achievement? And how will the state transition to these new requirements?
  • Are there additional indicators the state wants to include in its accountability system to advance equity? There’s more to measure than just state assessments, graduation rates, and English language proficiency. How might the state incentivize closure of achievement gaps, resource equity, and access to high-quality teachers and learning experiences?
  • What measures and practices can the state incorporate into its accountability system to ensure the system has the capacity to meet the needs of all learners? Should the state include any of these measures in its accountability system?

Assessment

  • Does the state provide flexibility for students to assess when they are ready and take an assessment multiple times, if needed, to demonstrate mastery? How will the state incorporate that information into its accountability and school improvement systems in real-time?
  • What changes does the state need to make to ensure the system of assessments aligns to the state’s system of support for all schools? How can the assessment system help stakeholders design timely and customized supports for each student?
  • What steps can the state take to ensure all districts have the technological infrastructure to ensure problem-free assessment delivery and reporting of results?

For recommendations and more design questions, please see our Recommendations for Advancing Personalized Learning Under the Every Student Succeeds Act. There is much work to be done. Our hope is that states take advantage of the foundational element in ESSA to build new, personalized learning systems to support all students towards college, career, and civic readiness.

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Fun With Flags: How Student Voice Gave Us the Current Design of the American Flag

Posts from WOL - Tue, 2016-06-14 10:02

Did you know a high school student was responsible for the current design of the American flag?

In 1958, Bob Heft, while living with his grandparents in Lancaster, OH, completed a design of the American flag as a project for his American History class. Hawaii and Alaska were being considered for statehood, and more than 1,500 designs for a new flag had been submitted to President Dwight D. Eisenhower. Intrigued by Betsy Ross, Heft had cut up a 48-star flag and sewn it into a new design, featuring 50 stars.

Upon presenting his final project, the teacher asked Heft, “Why you got too many stars? You don’t even know how many states we have.” Heft received a B- for his project. When he contested the grade, his teacher presented him with a proposition:

“Get the flag accepted in Washington, then come back and see me and I might consider changing the grade.”

After Heft had written 21 letters to the White House and made 18 phone calls, he received a phone call from 34th President of the United States Dwight D. Eisenhower. The 50 star flag design that was the same as Heft’s flag design had been chosen and adopted by presidential proclamation after Alaska and before Hawaii were admitted into the union in 1959. Eisenhower “wanted to know the possibility of you [Heft] coming to Washington, D.C., on July 4th for the official adoption of the new flag.”

And what did Heft’s teacher have to say?

“I guess if it’s good enough for Washington, it’s good enough for me. I hereby change the grade to an A.”

You can listen to Heft tell the story of designing the American Flag at StoryCorps, who interviewed Heft before his passing in 2009.

Fun With Flags

 

 

 

 

 

 

Curious about what else you might not know about the American flag? In honor of Flag Day, allow me to channel Dr. Sheldon Cooper.

Fun With (American) Flags

  • The American Flag consists of thirteen equal horizontal stripes of red alternating with white, with a blue rectangle in the canton (referred to specifically as the “union”) bearing fifty small, white, five-pointed stars arranged in nine offset horizontal rows of six stars alternating with rows of five stars. The 50 stars on the flag represent the 50 states of the United States of America, and the 13 stripes represent the thirteen British colonies that declared independence from the Kingdom of Great Britain, and became the first states in the US.[1]
  • Nicknames for the flag include“The Stars and Stripes,”[2] “Old Glory,”[3] and “The Star-Spangled Banner.” My personal favorite is the “Graaaaand Ooooold Flaaaaaaag,” as shouted from the top of a 4-year-old’s lungs.
  • The current design of the U.S. flag is its 27th; the design of the flag has been modified officially 26 times since 1777. The current design is the longest-used version and has been in use for over 55 years.[4]
  • Flag Day is celebrated on June 14, and “commemorates the adoption of theflag of the United States, which happened on June 14 in 1777 by resolution of the Second Continental Congress.[1]
  • In 1916,President Woodrow Wilson issued a proclamation that officially established June 14 as Flag Day; in August 1949, National Flag Day was established by an Act of Congress.

 

 

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Feel the Future: A Citywide School

Posts from WOL - Fri, 2016-06-10 10:26

Step ahead with me to the year 2026. Imagine that you and your eighth-grade daughter are attending a school choice fair where public, charter, and private options were featured and representatives of each school had three minutes to pitch their approach in hopes of enticing you to explore further.

One of the schools stands out because it doesn’t have just one big building; it has four smaller hubs. And it doesn’t confine learning within their walls. Instead, it takes learning – and each student – across the city through customized learning pathways that make full use of citywide resources. Those resources include area museums, libraries, science centers, maker spaces, businesses, and sports venues, plus local residents who have expertise to share. The school focuses on relationships and personalized support while using a network-based structure to organize learning.

One of the students, Kesara, shares her experience of overcoming shyness and frustration with school to get comfortable contributing to project teams and learning in a new kind of environment. Another student, Nadya, shares her excitement over having found a school where she gets to be who she is and decide what success looks like to her.

Your daughter gets excited. Finally, an approach to school that really is personalized. A way of learning that makes real and relevant connections with the place where she lives. After the presentations conclude, the two of you make a beeline to Ubique Academy’s table to find out more.

Want learn more?

Today, Ubique Academy is a concept, not an actual school. KnowledgeWorks’ strategic foresight team thinks that its design is possible given how learning is shifting. In fact, we created the concept for The Mind Trust’s 2016 Charter School Design Competition, where it placed in the final four.

We don’t want the idea to end there. So we’ve published an artifact from the future illustrating the idea as if Ubique Academy were up and running in ten years’ time. That artifact includes:

Why explore the future in this way?

An artifact from the future is a tangible expression of something that might exist in the future. Artifacts from the future respond to emerging trends to show how they might come together to impact people’s lives. Exploring them can help us examine whether we want the kind of future that they represent and what we might want instead. They help us consider in a more visceral way than simply analyzing implications and action steps how we might begin to move toward our preferred futures.

In short, artifacts from the future provide concrete a way of experiencing a bit of the future so that we can learn more about what we want and how to get there.

Could Ubique Academy happen?

We think it could, if enough people got behind the concept and made it real. But that’s only part of the point. Do you want it to? If so, where could you begin to move in its direction? Does it freak you out? If so, what lies the root of your discomfort? What would you rather see school or learning look like in 2026?

Regardless of your response, what light does stepping into the future with Ubique Academy shed on how you’re shaping learning today?

Personally, I hope that something like Ubique Academy is available when my daughter and I attend our neighborhood school choice fair in 2026. That’s the year she’ll likely be selecting a high school. I would want her choice to center on her needs, interests, and goals and to help her access and learn to contribute to the wealth of resources around our city. Maybe Ubique Academy isn’t the answer. But I hope she’ll have access to truly personalized learning by then.

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5 Things I Learned Visiting Cunningham Elementary School

Posts from WOL - Wed, 2016-06-08 08:00

Ever heard of organized chaos? To an outsider, the situation appears hectic, discombobulated. But in reality, the people on the inside of the situation know exactly what they’re doing, and they thrive.

Good morning. Your princes of thought. You queens of imagination.When I got to the Hive Society—the nickname for my friend Emily Smith’s 5th grade classroom at Cunningham Elementary School in Austin, Texas—she stood, bent over, on a table, cradling a tablet between two hanging pieces of multi-colored yarn. Students were in pairs, on computers, on tablets, talking, making art, writing with pencils… organized chaos.

Cunningham Elementary School is located in the South Austin. It’s wonderfully diverse, and full of learners with a wealth of knowledge and skillsets that don’t often align with the type of knowledge found on a statewide assessment. The principal, Amy Lloyd, has taken special care to integrate opportunities that capitalize on their natural strengths and still teach the rigorous standards required by the state. The result? Cunningham Elementary School is an Ashoka Changemaker School (a classification featured in our latest forecast), acts as a micro-society, and skillfully integrates forward-thinking initiatives to ensure learning is relevant for everyone.

The energy there is palpable.

I spent the morning learning from Hive Society students about what they were working on, what was important to them, and why they chose to learn what they were learning. (You read that right, why they chose to learn what they were learning.) Emily has taken the Hive Society from a traditional 5th grade ELA/Social Studies classroom to a cohort of colleagues and leaders, where each student has learned, in their own way, to thrive.

Although I could write extensively on what the students in the Hive taught me in those brief few hours, I thought I’d attempt to whittle it down to 5 insights I had from visiting this classroom.

  1. If you allow students to think deeply, they will. The trick? Make learning relevant to their lives. Hive Society students learn in ways I’ve never quite seen before. When Emily first began teaching, she noticed that students weren’t engaging with content like she thought they should She could tell she wasn’t connecting with them using “traditional” texts and projects.
  2. Fast forward to the day I visited: the classroom abuzz with conversation and learning. They were creating stop motion animation videos based on a topic they learned about during the year. Complicated subjects…. Black Lives Matter Movement, Genocide, Immigration, Animal Rights. I naively asked Emily how she picked the topics they discussed. She said, “They tell me what they want to learn about.”Ten-and eleven-year-old learners are affected by complicated, relevant issues, but often we don’t let them engage with those issues in the classroom. The Hive Society proves that if students are given the opportunity to interact with relevant concepts they are curious about, they will engage in deep learning.
  3. Learning empathy is important for maturity and growth… and resiliency. Hive Society students have spent the year producing an in-house version of StoryCorps. Learners interview each other about something important in their life. Kim, the mayor of the school’s micro-society, recorded a story that highlighted what it’s like having a mother in jail. This is a young woman who was elected by her peers to lead the school… a leader in the school. And she shared an intimate part of her life with them.I listened to her interview with a couple of her fellow Hive Society members. When we finished listening, I asked the students what it meant to them to hear their friend share her story. Their response surprised me, though in hindsight it probably shouldn’t have. They both said, “It helped me understand her better. I could know that if she wasn’t happy one day, maybe I can watch out for her more. It helped me develop empathy for her.” It struck me that they appreciated and respected her for her vulnerability. They did not use it against her in any way.
  4. empathyEmpathy creates change. I asked a couple other students what the most important thing was they learned in the 5th grade. “Empathy,” they both said.“What does empathy mean to you?” I asked…

    I wandered the halls a bit on the way back to the front office, and I found out exactly what empathy means to them. A poetry project prominently displayed in the hallways illustrated how each student defines, experiences, and feels empathy. (Actually, this wasn’t limited to the 5th Every student in the school had some version of this project displayed.) I found examples of times built resiliency for students, when it helped them feel more connected and allowed for growth.

    One of my favorite poems actually came from Mayor Kim. She eloquently wrote how she was changed by empathy from her fellow classmates.

  5. The students in the Hive Society participate in hands-on learning opportunities that integrate technology into their work.Paper-and-pen folks need not be afraid of new types of learning. One of the arguments I hear against integrating technology in the classroom is that students will be found, heads down in a computer, wasting away. (Okay, that’s an exaggeration, but there’s a similar underlying sentiment.) The students in the Hive Society participate in hands-on learning opportunities that integrate technology into their work. In the process of making their stop motion films, they were handwriting and hand-drawing storyboards and scripts after researching their topics online. They integrated hand-crafted figures with the technology of stop-motion, so they were engaged in using both sides of their brains.
  6. Inspiring leaders make all the difference in the world. Emily Smith* and Amy Lloyd are inspirational, forward thinkers. Emily has encouraged teachers worldwide with her honesty and vulnerability around race. She has truly personalized learning for her students, and the outcomes have been fantastic.Leadership isn’t always about taking control, but is often about putting systems in place that allow students, teachers, and staff to thrive. Amy’s vision for Cunningham has helped students develop as whole learners. Her emphasis on professional development has allowed teachers to build and brainstorm in innovative ways. Empathy and understanding of each other’s backgrounds, strengths, and areas for growth have helped students change the ways in which they interact with Cunningham, and it’s Amy’s leadership that has set the change in motion.

If it hasn’t been made clear to you yet, let me say in no uncertain terms, Cunningham Elementary School is an incredible example of the future of learning in action. Of course they have come up against barriers—policies and funding structures that inhibit particular types of innovation, an over-emphasis on testing as accountability— but they thrive through it, and they look for solutions to learning that suit their community of learners. In the policy arena, I hear leaders talk conceptually about the importance of the things Cunningham Elementary School is actually implementing, and I cannot say enough about how important it is to continue to encourage the type of education that nurtures the entire learner.

hive-society

*Update: Emily has now moved into a role at the district-level as a technology integration coach. She will be training teachers in Austin ISD to better utilize technology in learning. What a wonderful step toward sustainable innovation!

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Could Blockchain Help Power Personalized Learning?

Posts from WOL - Tue, 2016-06-07 10:50

In early 2015, I started getting really curious about the potential for blockchain to impact education. Not for the technology in and of itself, but because it felt as if the new transactional models that it could enable had the potential to shift the forms of coordination used in education. Even if blockchain came and went, it seemed as if blockchain’s use of distributed security could have a lasting impact the underlying metaphors that we use when considering options for learning and for institutions generally.

KnowledgeWorks’ strategic foresight team began to explore blockchain more closely when writing The Future of Learning: Education in the Era of Partners in Code. Combined with cultural shifts toward openness, transparency, and distributed authority, we saw blockchain and smart contracts as having the potential to enable smart transactional models that could reconfigure institutions, enabling the development of flexible value webs comprised of many organizations and individuals and even going so far as to enable the creation of distributed autonomous organizations that operate with little, if any, management.

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Now we’re taking a closer look at possibilities. Due out in June, “Learning on the Block: Could Smart Transactional Models Help Power Personalized Learning?” will present four scenarios exploring how blockchain and smart contracts could be used in settings ranging from a large public school district to an unschooling network to a regional learning ecosystem. It even takes on EdTech evangelism!

A futures project often starts with querying something that niggles at the edge of current reality and asking, “If that took greater hold, then what?” For me, choosing a project often involves feeling around the edges of my understanding and looking not as the latest shiny new development but at signals of change that could indicate a more fundamental shift, either on their own or in combination with other factors. When I ask, “If so, then what?” and can see layer upon layer of implications, I start getting really intrigued. My interest piques further when I see more and more people asking similar questions.

There’s neveknowledgeworks-blockchain-kidsr just one answer to the question of “If so then what?” – especially not in this time of exponential change. We can’t know what the future will bring until it arrives. As futurist Paul Saffo observes, “The future constantly arrives late and in unexpected ways.” Our vision is skewed by the difficulty of anticipating unexpected turns. It’s clouded by the difficulty of combining multiple trends all at the same time. It’s colored by our hopes and fears, by both our optimism and our dread.

When forecasting, it’s especially easy to over-hype the impact of new technologies. It’s imperative to look at them not just in isolation but also in combination with other types of changes: cultural shifts, evolving mindsets, economic and political trends, and so forth. It’s also important to take a systems perspective, which includes looking not just at forces of change but also at the inertia and reinforcing loops of the status quo.

With blockchain, I hoped. I sensed a fundamental shift emerging. Having taken a closer look through the Learning on the Block project, now I’m not so sure. That shift might well happen, but its impact on education – and particularly on public education – seems likely to depend on whether people use it to optimize the current system or to enable new approaches to coordination in service of putting learners at the center or other goals.

Blockchain is gaining increasing traction, and smart contracts are on the verge of moving from concept to implementation.  Now is the time to look at possibilities and decide not just how we could use these technologies in education, but also how we want to employ them.  As we consider possibilities, we need to be open to ceding centralized control to more distributed coordination. That cultural shift is happening, with or without blockchain. But we shouldn’t shift our approaches to educational authority without asking thorough questions and projecting out layers of potential consequences.

Will smart transactional models enable a new architecture for education and help power personalized learning? They could, but the answer to that question will depend on how all of us answer it.

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All Kids Can Learn: Three Key Tenets for Educators

Posts from WOL - Mon, 2016-06-06 20:31

Our parents are our first teachers, and my mom is no exception. She’s an educator, too, and we were both reflecting recently about how we came to be teachers and how we came to be so passionate about the profession.

As a parent and a teacher, my mom really guided me in developing the key tenets that have guided me not only as a teacher, but as a father, and in my role at KnowledgeWorks. These are the things we really believe, even when we’re most challenged as educators. Perhaps especially when we’re most challenged.

We believe that:

  • All kids can learn.
  • All kids can learn and achieve at high levels.
  • All kids and people can learn in different ways and different time frames.

But how did we come to this? How did these three tenets come to be our guiding principles?

In elementary school, when I was struggling, I remember my mom advocating for me to be in honor’s classes, to participate in the gifted and talented program. I remember telling her at 6- or 7-years-old, “I just can’t do this.”

But she insisted that I could.

“You can do this,” she said. “I know you can do it. Because it’s not just you – everyone one can do this.”

My mother knew she had to find a way to support me, to do whatever it took to get me there.

And now in my role at KnowledgeWorks, I think about how I can continue to take those lessons learned from my mom, her unwavering commitment to supporting me and my achievement, and make it possible for educators to do the same for every student in their classroom. I want to support those educators that also believe that all kids can learn. Not just when we’re first fresh out of school going into education believing it, but 10, 15, 20, 30, 40 years later in the profession, still adamantly committed to that guiding principle that all kids can learn. That it’s our responsibility to support them in their growth, their understanding, to find the excitement and the passion that drives them, that empowers them to go deeper and further with what they’re learning.

Not only that all kids can learn, but all students can achieve at high levels. Over the last year, I’ve met thousands of educators that want to know how they can make that possible. They don’t want to refine the system, but want to reconstruct the system to support what we believe to be true: all kids can learn and achieve at high levels. I’ve had the opportunity to speak with educators, learning communities, organizations, and state policy leaders that want to make that vision possible; those ensuring, much like my mom did for me, that all students achieve at high levels and are given every opportunity to do so both in and out of school.

But the key tenet that my family was committed to, that the KnowledgeWorks family is committed to, that the people and organizations we’re working with are committed to, is that if we truly believe that all kids can learn, and we definitely believe they can learn at high levels, but we also understand that they learn in different ways and different time frames, then what needs to change? How does school as we know it need to change? Is movement of kids in age-based batches the right way, or can we think differently about how we support students in their movement, their achievement, their application of learning?

All kids can learn. All kids can achieve at high levels. All kids learn in different ways. How do we work with key policy makers, community leaders, and educators to ensure that we create a system that validates, honors, and supports these key tenets? The beauty of KnowledgeWorks is that we get to learn from people who are doing this work every day, and we get to support states, communities, educators, and most importantly, kids, in making that vision of all learners achieving at high levels, in their own way, possible.

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Outhouse Design Competition Offers Real Learning, Real Bathroom Humor

Posts from WOL - Sun, 2016-06-05 11:11

When Kent Ackley, executive director of the small nonprofit, One Big Sustainable Island, needed help creating bathroom facilities on an island with no running water and no electricity, he knew just who to turn to.

High school students.

“There was a lot of bathroom humor,” Ackley admits. Ackley organized a competition for four teams of local high school students to design an outhouse for the home and namesake of One Big Sustainable Island, a 14-acre island on Annabessacook Lake in Maine. The island offers locals a chance to reconnect with nature, whether it’s through a unique camping adventure, volunteering in island operations, or something more. Until 2013, there were no bathroom facilities, but there were many visitors.

“People just went wherever. It was a mess,” says Ackley.

A mess that required creative thinking and collaboration to clean up, and at just the right time for RSU2 students to take advantage of the district’s newly implemented competency-based education model. These were students who had been in the traditional model of schooling, who knew the rules and how to work that system. They weren’t quite sure how competency-based education would serve them yet.

“With the competition, we turned the educational model on its head,” Ackley says. “We asked ourselves how we could present a bunch of material that inspired kids to be curious, to have fun, to be goofy, to be kids, but also to learn some science and teamwork?”

Teams of freshmen and sophomores from RSU2 assembled to research long-term, sustainable options for waste management on the island. They had to work within the parameters of the project: no running water, no electricity, a limited budget, and they had to be compliant with local building codes and zoning issues. The outhouse needed to be sanitary, it needed to be cleanable, and of high import for island visitors: it couldn’t smell.

“This wasn’t just an exercise where the answers were already known,” Ackley says, citing the “authentic” nature of the outhouse competition, the uncertainty, as a big driver behind students’ enthusiasm. “They had to build on their designs when the initial ones didn’t come in under budget. They had to minimize the materials they utilized for the project using geometry. They had to research the process of composting and the EPA standards for safe composting. It was real – a real need, a real project. And they knew we were going to build it when they were done.”

Students ultimately presented their final projects, backed by their research, in front of a panel of judges comprised of local building code enforcement officials, a plumbing inspector, and an architect. Of the four teams, first and second place were given bedpans as trophies because, as Ackley says, “when you’re talking about an outhouse, you’re only dealing with #1 and #2.”

All of the students got together to build the panels for the winning design and barged them over to the island to complete the outhouse by summer’s end. Ackley notes that among student learnings is what he feels the island represents to his community: it’s a metaphor for the world we live in. With a fixed set of resources, students had to work with what they were given. They had to think not only about how they could “do no harm,” but also how they could improve the environment and add value to the island and their community.

“They gained a real understanding of what our footprint is,” says Ackley. Students continue to visit the island each year during the district’s Day of Caring, where all high school students are required to give back to their community in some way as part of their graduation requirements. The story of the winning outhouse design competition team hangs on the wall inside the outhouse, a memory enshrined to the “real project” that served a group of students, the community, and some very creative potty humor.

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How to Celebrate Gay Pride When You’re Not Gay

Posts from WOL - Sat, 2016-06-04 08:39

Gay pride celebrations take place across the world in June.  They celebrate the night in 1968 when a group of patrons in the Stonewall Bar in New York City stood up and fought back against what was routine police harassment of homosexuals at that time, beginning what has become known as the LGBTQ movement.  In the ensuing 48 years, laws and attitudes within the United States – and across the world – have changed with respect to acceptance of non-heterosexual lifestyles.

The US Supreme Court’s ruling on the legality of gay marriages across the country last year is one of the most recent signs of changes in American law and attitudes towards LGBTQ people – and the North Carolina law regulating the bathroom accessibility of transgendered people is a sign of the resistance and fear that still exists for many.

If you’re not LGBTQ, you probably know someone who is. Routine estimates place the number of LGBTQ people from five to 10 percent of the population.  And the saying of “we are everywhere” is true as LGBTQ people live in all parts of this country, occupy positions in all sectors of the economy,  teach our children, attend to our sick, fight our wars and even save our souls.  So, when it comes to celebrating Pride Month, what can you do if you’re not gay, but some of your best friends are?

The first step in supporting someone who may see the world differently than you do is to try to understand them better. You also need to understand your own feelings and thoughts about the difference. Educators are in an especially important position to help others understand and accept lifestyles that do not conform to mainstream expectations.

You can begin by acknowledging that LGBTQ lifestyle is not a choice. Nor is it a disease, mental disorder or a sign of weak character.  Every major mental health, medical and mental health association in the United States (AMA, APA, ACA, NEA) acknowledge and accept that non-heterosexual lifestyles are a natural expression of life for people and should not subject someone to discrimination or harassment.

At younger and younger ages people are recognizing non-heterosexual sexual orientation or gender identification that is different from their birth or biological gender.  Children who face discrimination or harassment because of this are statistically more likely to attempt suicide, have higher incidents of depression and anxiety disorders, have a higher likelihood of abusing substances or some activity, are more likely to be bullied or physically harassed, and as a result of internalized homophobia are less likely to be successful academically and socially. Providing a supportive and accepting environment to children who may be exploring these issues allows them to do so without the burden on environmental penalties or pressures.

  • If you are a teacher or administrator, visit the Gay, Lesbian and Straight Educators Network(GLSEN). GLSEN is an organization that works with schools and teachers across the country to help develop and support efforts to create and maintain safe places for young people who may be gay, lesbian, bisexual or transgender.  Visit their website for ideas and suggestions on specific actions you can take in your classroom or school to support these children.
  • If you’re a parent, Parents and Friends of Lesbians and Gays provides support and advice to parents of LGBTQ children to better understand their children and support them through their journey.  There are meetings across the United States and you don’t have to have an LGBTQ child to attend a meeting and talk.
  • If you’re a professional, please see a series of resources I developed as part of a project in graduate school, aimed to help professionals who are working with LGBTQ clients or students. There’s a variety of information there that can help address concerns or questions that arise for you or your clients.

And finally, if you’re wondering what gay pride is all about, go to a celebration!  Whatever you might imagine it to be, you’ll probably be surprised. You’ll see people and organizations within your own community who are doing many of the same things everyone else does – they just happen to be LGBTQ people.  Don’t let fear shield you from learning and experiencing people whose only major difference is the object of their love.

Happy Pride Month!

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Five Strategies for Rebundling Education for a New Era

Posts from WOL - Fri, 2016-06-03 10:00

How might we rebundle education for a new era?

KnowledgeWorks recently partnered with ReSchool Colorado to explore this question at a convening of their network in Denver. The event buzzed with a sense that the need to rebundle education is getting more urgent and that we have more and more ways of making that happen. Indeed, the program featured several people and organizations that are already finding new ways forward.

As we continue to consider how best to position education for the emerging era of partners in code and the changing economic realities that it is likely to bring, the conversation highlighted several guideposts for our collective exploration. We need to:

1. Develop new guides for the new landscape.
Learning across more diverse landscapes and in more ways and places will require new navigators to help all learners and families rebundle education successfully. ReSchool Colorado is experimenting with learner advocate networks that play this role. A learning Sherpa, another way of thinking about this new guidance and connection function, resonated across the conversation.

2. Expand educator roles.
We can’t get very far with rebundling education without re-examining current teacher and administrative roles. So what might new roles look like? The conversation highlighted the need to provide people working with learners day to day with webs of support that can help them grow their practice, make connections beyond their areas of expertise, and activate non-academic supports as needs arise. Career connectors could help working adults develop new skills as workplace demands shifted.

3. Foster new skills for a project-based world.
Tom Vanderark of Getting Smart emphasized the need for an innovation mindset to help people succeed in an increasingly project-based world of learning, work, and life. As he defines it, an innovation mindset combines effort, initiative, and collaboration. Orienting learning around future-ready skills promises to ensure that the substance of rebundled learning ecosystems prepares learners for navigating life beyond school.

4. Co-create new approaches with learners.
They need to be part of the design process. An integral part. We can’t design solutions for learners in particular places and circumstances without truly understanding their realities. Learners can co-create new schools and learning ecosystems as well as their own learning pathways. Organizations such as Boulder Housing Partners, the XQ Team for Fort Collins’ Compass High School, and Carbondale’s Valley Settlement Project are already helping people drive their own learning.

5. Accede some financial control to families.
If we keep giving money to schools, we’ll keep getting school-centric approaches to education. To rebundle education effectively instead of creating only supplemental pathways or innovation at the (often wealthy) fringes, learners and families need to control at least part of the per-pupil funding. That financial power would begin to shift the locus of education from the system to the student. It could also incent innovation among learning providers seeking to attract clients.

As we plan for rebundling education for a new era, we’ll need to hone these and many other strategies for creating and navigating increasing choice and learner-centered ecosystems. At the same time, we’ll need to keep in mind the exponential rate of change that surrounds our efforts, planning for adaptability even as we create new learning relationships and environments and shift systemic structures to support them.

For more insights from the conversation, see ReSchool Colorado’s takeaways, and stay tuned as they explore ways of ensuring quality and value across a larger landscape of learning this summer.

 

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To the Moon and Back: Preparing the next generation of scientific pioneers

Posts from WOL - Fri, 2016-06-03 08:00

Today is the 50th anniversary of the first American spacewalk and on the anniversary of this great event, it’s hard not to think about the great accomplishments of the past and to wonder if we’re doing as well now. Are we ready as a country to continue this momentum? Are we preparing our kids to conceive of and achieve such success?

There’s a lot of focus these days on STEM education and the career pathways we need to foster to make sure we are creating enough future engineers and scientists. Those are jobs core to the economy and key to our identity as a nation. We really need to challenge ourselves just a little further, though, to make sure we’re creating engineers and scientists that not only understand engineering and science, but have the grit and determination to push us forward.

Drawing by Alexei Leonov, gift to Arthur C. Clarke, 1968Alexsey Leonov holds the historic distinction of being the first human to “walk” in space, having beaten American Ed Smith to the record by three months. Leonov was a shining star in the Soviet cosmonaut universe and a man of great accomplishment. As a child growing up in Siberia, he had two dreams, and he was singularly focused to achieve them both. He wanted to study aircraft at the Air Force Engineering Academy and train as a pilot; and he wanted to become a painter. His determination carried him on to accomplish both, through many trials. Leonov’s 1966 Voshkod-2 mission was fraught with emergency after emergency, from problems re-entering the spacecraft to an emergency landing deep in the forests of Siberia. Leonov handled it all with great presence of mind. After his spacewalk, he conducted many more missions as a cosmonaut, and began taking colored pencils with him on his flights to share the beauty and majesty of what he had seen. Leonov is one of Russia’s most highly decorated generals, and he has produced many works of art and co-authored several books.

During the Gemini 4 mission soon after Leonov’s walk, Ed Smith had his turn. Smith’s 23 minute spacewalk took him from the Pacific coast to the Gulf of Mexico. Smith was a runner in high school, known for his determination and hard training. He missed trials for the Olympic 400m hurdling team, in fact, by a mere tenth of a second. He also loved photography. Smith continued on to study aeronautical engineering as he advanced in to the exciting new American space program. After his successful spacewalk, Smith was tapped to crew the upcoming Apollo I mission alongside Gus Grissom. In one of our country’s greatest aerospace tragedies, the Apollo module caught on fire on the test platform, killing all three astronauts inside. Smith’s job during an emergency was to open the escape hatch, and his body was found positioned in an attempt to do exactly that, despite the hopelessness of the situation.

If we’re honest with ourselves, we’ll question whether today’s education system really provides the support and encouragement to produce such well-rounded, groundbreaking individuals. Are we creating drivers of change that advance the STEM fields and take us all forward as a country, or are we just counting ourselves lucky when a Smith or a Leonov appears?

If we’re serious about STEM and about educating our kids, we’ll make sure all of them get the chance to receive an education that’s personally meaningful and that brings out their best. We’ll gently escort today’s helicopter parents aside and foster those all-important agency skills in our kids (perseverance, determination, and grit) even as we’re encouraging their learning in physics, algebra, and programming. Leadership and resolve combined with engineering and math have given us some of the world’s most impressive scientific pioneers. But how many more Smiths are out there waiting to fulfill their potential?

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Education Buzzwords: Say What You Mean

Posts from WOL - Wed, 2016-06-01 09:25

Are students learners or teachers in “learner-centered teaching” classrooms? What’s the difference between a “powerful conversation and a “rich conversation”? What does it mean to “have a conversation around” something?

In a recent op/ed for EdWeek, Dr. Levi Folly of Fairfax County Public Schools writes about the increasing use of jargon and buzzwords in education, and the dangers of such language in isolating or confusing listeners.

“I am sure those using these phrases have the best intentions and want to communicate important information. I am equally sure they would be more effective if they used different language.”

I attend meetings with superintendents, teachers, students, parents, instructional coaches, and a variety of policy ‘wonks.’ I am always amazed by the latest and greatest buzzword that enters the conversation. Levy goes on to cite a conversation with a friend who claimed,

“he’d spent all morning helping teachers ‘unpack standards’ so they understood what students should know and be able to do. I wanted to ask whether or not the suitcase had wheels. To quote another colleague, ‘Why don’t we just say what we mean?

“Teaching and learning are complex processes and I see no reason to overwhelm parents, students, or each other with an array of terms because we want to sound impressive or because someone has written a book and we want to sound current. In fact, we are deluding ourselves if we believe practitioners internalize this language. Why would they? Experience has or will teach them that unless we change, these terms and phrases will be replaced with equally vague and fleeting ones.”

And given the education world’s penchant for acronyms – PBL, UDL, IBL, PL, CBE, MBL, CQI, NCLB, ESEA, ESSA – you haven’t impressed me. You’ve lost me.

In his article, Folly shares the six characteristics of effective language according to the faculty of the University of Washington. Effective language is:

  1. Concrete and specific, not vague and abstract;
  2. Concise, not verbose;
  3. Familiar, not obscure;
  4. Precise and clear, not inaccurate and ambiguous;
  5. Constructive, not destructive;
  6. Appropriately formal.

I would like to add a seventh characteristic: context and culture. Endeavor to know your audience, understand their journey, ask about their challenges, barriers, opportunities, and successes. Speak their language.

As ASCD Executive Director Deb Delisle stated at this year’s EDWorks conference, “transformation in education is tough and messy.” Matt Williams, a respected KnowledgeWorks Vice President of Policy and Advocacy, takes it one step further, writing that “to truly transform a system and confront the status quo, you have to overturn some apple carts.”

I am all for overturning apple carts. But in this messy journey to transform education, can we not get lost in translation? Let’s ensure that everyone at the table, from the White House in Washington, DC to the kitchen table in Washington, IA, understands what we are talking about when we talk about education.

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Considering #FutureEd: Blockchain and Education Roundup

Posts from WOL - Tue, 2016-05-31 11:27

 

Education technology is a multi-billion dollar industry and a significant area of focus for education stakeholders. So whenever a new technology emerges, educators, innovators and investors are likely to wonder: Will this development impact the future of learning? If so, when and how?

The newest focus of these questions is blockchain. KnowledgeWorks’ strategic foresight team had those same questions, so we embarked on a forecasting project about the role blockchain technology might have in personalized learning. Our contribution to this conversation, which will be released early this summer, includes a primer on blockchain technology, four scenarios for possible futures of blockchain and education, and strategic questions for stakeholders to consider. Technology companies, banks, independent software developers, and dozens of other groups are also thinking through the implications of blockchain, and we believe that educators should as well.

Thankfully, we’re not the only ones thinking through the potential applications and implications of blockchain for learning. I’d encourage you to check out the following pieces to explore the topic more.

  1. Would ‘Blockchain’ Tech Work for K-12 Schools? (by Education Week): Sony’s investment into blockchain garnered a great deal of attention. Tthis article looks more deeply into their ideas of how the technology could be used for credentials and raises important questions about student privacy.
  2. The Blockchain for Education: An Introduction and The Ideology of Blockchain (for Education): Audrey Watters of Hack Education offers background on the technology and explores the beliefs and values of those developing it, always an important consideration when thinking about bringing new technologies into learning.
  3. 10 Things to Know about the Future of Blockchain in Education (by EdTech Strategies): Doug Levin has been a thought leader on blockchain and education since before most people even knew those two topics might intersect. This list includes some basics he believes others should know about the topic, links to sources to learn more, and raises some deeper considerations about how blockchain might be applied in education and learning.
  4. Learning Is Earning (by Institute for the Future and ACT Foundation): Based on crowdsourced futures gathered using their Foresight Engine, the Institute for the Future collaborated with the ACT Foundation to produce a map with future forces, profiles of working learners, signals of change, and areas of possible innovation in blockchain and education.

This conversation needs the voices of people who care about equity and personalized learning, so we invite you to read up on this topic. We look forward to sharing our own ideas about it with you soon when we release “Learning on the Block: Could Smart Transactional Models Help Power Personalized Learning” in June. Subscribe here to receive a copy of the paper when it is released.

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Learning the Blockchain Basics

Posts from WOL - Thu, 2016-05-26 09:41

If you’re like me, you’ve heard and seen blockchain mentioned occasionally in news articles and on social media feeds throughout the past year or two. It’s usually mentioned right after bitcoin, which is a concept my brain can’t seem to fully wrap itself around.

So when the KnowledgeWorks strategic foresight team started exploring blockchain’s potential impact on the future of education, I asked a lot of questions and tried to learn the basics. Here are some of the questions I asked:

  1. What is blockchain? How long has it been around?
  2. How does blockchain work?
  3. Why have we been hearing a lot about blockchain in the news lately?
  4. Why did KnowledgeWorks decide to start considering blockchain and the future of learning?
  5. What possible impact could blockchain have on the future of learning?
  6. Blockchain seems really far out for education. Why is important to consider possibilities now?
  7. Who are the people out there looking to apply it to education?
  8. What research process did KnowledgeWorks go through to learn more about blockchain?
  9. What will KnowledgeWorks do with the research?

My coworker, Jason Swanson, kindly answered my questions. Check out my official Q&A to read the answers and learn more about the basics of blockchain and how it could impact the future of learning.

KnowledgeWorks strategic foresight team organized and hosted some focus groups that brought together experts in blockchain, data and education to have a conversation about what the technology could do, what might not be possible, and what other technologies should be considered. After three waves of discussions with different sets of experts, they took the major findings, combined those findings with secondary research, and created four scenarios to imagine how blockchain might be used in learning in 2026.

In June, the full paper, “Learning on the Block: Could Smart Transactional Models Help Power Personalized Learning?” will be available for free. Subscribe for updates and to receive your copy.

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A Powerful Collaboration for Cincinnati’s Children

Posts from WOL - Wed, 2016-05-25 21:05

The Preschool Promise began as a local initiative of the StrivePartnership, a member of the StriveTogether Cradle to Career Network.

Four months ago, I had my first baby.

Before he was born, I thought I knew what to do when it came to finding child care. I thought I was prepared for the sticker shock and the major weekly expense. To some extent I was, but once I actually started looking, I realized I wasn’t at all prepared for the waiting lists we’d encounter – many in excess of 12 months – and how hard it would be to actually get in to the programs we liked.

We got very lucky and our son is in a terrific center, but I’ve never been able to stop thinking, “it shouldn’t be this hard.” My husband and I are fortunate to be able to afford high-quality care, and we have schedules that are flexible enough to take the extra time to go out of our way before and after work for pick up and drop off. Had we not gotten in to a program by the time I went back to work, we probably would have found a way to cobble together a short-term solution.

But we’re in the minority.

As a country, we haven’t been investing adequately in early childhood education, so quality remains expensive and hard to find.

Despite everything we know about brain development in the first five years and the importance of quality preschool in particular for child development, academic, and life success, half of Cincinnati’s 3- and 4-year-olds aren’t enrolled in any type of preschool, and just over a quarter of them are in a high-quality preschool environment.

Frustrated, and compelled by the urgency of our devastating child poverty rate (nearly half of our children live below the poverty line), mediocre kindergarten readiness rates (57 percent), and lack of access to quality preschool, early childhood, faith, school, community, and business leaders have been working together on a plan to ensure that more children, particularly those who need it the most, have access to high-quality preschool.

Volunteers advocate for the Cincinnati Preschool Promise.Volunteers advocate for the Cincinnati Preschool Promise.

The plan involves income-based tuition assistance for families and significant quality improvement supports for preschool programs, so quality preschool becomes abundant, affordable, and convenient for everyone.

It’s been a powerful movement – engaging nearly 10,000 supporters and building real demand for more quality preschools in neighborhoods throughout Cincinnati.

A few days ago, this coalition took a big step forward when the Cincinnati Public Schools Board of Education unanimously voted to include preschool expansion to the tune of $15 million per year in a school levy that will be on the ballot this November. The goal is for every child to have a great start and a great school.

As is often true with real collaborations, the road hasn’t always been easy, and actually passing the levy will take all of us working harder – and more effectively – than we ever have before. But no matter how hard it gets, moments like this don’t come along very often. When it passes, it will be a historic, transformational opportunity for children. If we keep children at the center, before long, “it shouldn’t be this hard” will be a thing of the past.

To learn more, visit www.askpreschoolpromise.org.

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Personalizing Learning Today Prepares Students for Tomorrow

Posts from WOL - Wed, 2016-05-25 09:15

Whether you’re just dipping your toe into the water of personalized learning or your community is well on its way to embracing a completely new model of competency-based education, there are things you can do right now to begin offering your students a way to connect authentically with what they’re learning. Personalized learning empowers students to make their learning experiences more meaningful, and that’s valuable for everyone, no matter your curriculum.

  • Make space for students’ voice and choice. Does every student really have to take a test to prove they’ve mastered a subject, or could some students give a presentation, write a paper, or complete a project? This is one of the simplest and easiest changes to make, and it’s a great way to honor your students’ needs and talents while still giving them the opportunity to prove what they’ve learned. Don’t be afraid to think outside of the box or to let your students do the same. While I was at RSU2, there was one student who wanted to show how the training plans he was creating and following for the track team met the learning objectives for his PE class. While it was an unconventional approach, he was right, and the work he did to prove that what he was doing to meet the course’s goals has since opened the door for other student athletes to do the same: using the time they would’ve spent in PE pursuing other subjects or engaging in an external learning opportunity.
  • Be aware of student identity. One of the signals of change in KnowledgeWorks’ latest future forecast is the changing nature of identity. As we move away from fixed labels and predetermined notions of identity – Facebook and Google+, for example, now allow users to enter a “custom” gender identity – it’s important to check our own perceptions. What we perceive about students may not be the whole picture, and as we have access to more and better data about them, it’s important to use that data to personalize learning for the whole person and meet more than just academic needs.
  • Support your early adopters. You know the ones – the teachers who are truly passionate about trying something new, who want to teach differently. These are the teachers who want to capitalize on technology as a tool, not a replacement, to support the work they’re doing in the classroom. Give these educators the space they need to begin personalizing learning, and they’ll give back to you what you need to bring it to everybody else: an understanding of what it really takes to do the work; the resources they need (not just technology but professional development, too); and any barriers they may be encountering, (policy, administrative, or otherwise). What you learn from your early adopters will also help you communicate what you’re doing more effectively with everyone involved.

One of the signals of change in our latest future forecast looks at more families opting out of the traditional school system or otherwise seeking alternative approaches to learning that offer more student choice and a variety of ways to learn. We need to begin innovating and personalizing learning not only to keep up with changes in the broader education landscape, but also to ensure that we’re truly preparing students not for the world they’re living in when they enter the classroom at age 5, but the one they’ll graduate into at 18.

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Smart Contracts Could Power Personalized Education

Posts from WOL - Tue, 2016-05-24 09:43

Last month, I had a chance to immerse myself in some of the learning experiences happening around Columbus, Ohio, where I live. I didn’t find out about them through a school or any other education institution. Instead, I read about them in the digital event listings of local news websites.

On Saturday, I spent a couple of hours exploring The Ohio State University’s Museum of Biological Diversity during their annual open house. I learned about butterflies, mollusks, and plant-based dyes and got to talk to researchers about separating DNA for analysis and identifying the kinds of algae present in water samples. That evening, I attended a classical guitar concert put on by the Columbus Guitar Society, where I got a taste of the shifts in scales and style that took place during the Baroque period. On Sunday, I went on a ranger-led wildflower walk at Shale Hollow Preserve, identifying 16 species of wildflowers in a small wooded area next to the Olentangy River.

In college, I avoided the more traditional math and science classes and met the general education requirement by taking courses on global biological issues and the history of scientific thought (a philosophy course conveniently cross-listed by the physics department). Despite an early aversion to science education, I found the two biology-related experiences last month engaging and enjoyable. While my high school and college experiences didn’t give me the frame of reference to know that I enjoy learning about the natural world, my recreational experiences since my mid-twenties have consistently circled back to the pleasure of engaging with it through situated experiences.

So I had a nice weekend. What does that have to do with education?

In the future, experiences like I had this weekend could be part of a lifelong learning log. Enough of them could, over time, even contribute to some kind of credential. If I were pursuing a relevant learning pathway, my experiences could be part of it, extending and deepening – and at least to some extent replacing – classroom learning. The resources that I needed to access them could even be unlocked based on my learning plan. If in the future I decided to pursue a relevant credential, perhaps I could retroactively incorporate them.

blockchain-imageOne mechanism that could make these kinds of possibilities happen is a smart contract. Smart contracts are self-executing contracts stored on a distributed, encrypted digital ledger called the blockchain. While the blockchain tracks and verifies basic transactions, smart contracts can be programmed to carry out more complex transactions.

In our recent forecast, The Future of Learning: Education in the Era of Partners in Code, we explore the potential for custom learning contracts powered by smart contracts to enable learners and parents to set up agreements around a whole host of functions, from secure payments to learning experience access to autonomous transportation. For example, what if:

  • Each learner had a Smart Learning Fast Pass that unlocked learning opportunities as the student was ready for them and transferred money from learner-controlled funding allotments to the learning experience providers?
  • A universal student record made it possible for comprehensive student data to follow each learner throughout the education lifecycle, creating a rich personal learning history that could inform future learning pathways?

Smart contracts could enable learners and their families to access experiences and resources across more distributed and diverse learning ecosystems, making learning journeys more personalized and more supportive of individuals’ distinct interests, needs, and aspirations. They represent just one way in which blockchain might enable new transactional models in education.

We’re exploring more impacts of blockchain and cultural shifts in our forthcoming publication, “Learning on the Block: Could Smart Transactional Models Help Power Personalized Learning?” Register to be notified upon its release.

In the meantime, what do you see smart contracts enabling? What opportunities might they present, and what challenges might we watch for? Which of your experiences might they help connect – even if you don’t yet realize that you’re on a specific learning pathway?

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What does competency-based instruction look like, anyway?

Posts from WOL - Mon, 2016-05-23 12:13

As a teacher and principal, I always struggled when students came to me at cognitively different places. Whether as a long term kindergarten substitute teacher, a middle school English teacher, or as a high school teacher, it was a challenge. Where they were academically, their life experiences, the depth of their background knowledge, their culture, language, etc., were all widely varied. So, how do we provide a learning environment and the structures necessary to support the needs of every child?

At KnowledgeWorks, our focus on instruction is two-fold: it has to be personalized, and it has to be strongly vetted by clear cut competencies for teachers and students. Both teachers and learners need to understand what it takes to advance and progress on the learning continuum. Note I didn’t say grade levels – learning is a continuum, and our instruction, assessment, and advancement needs to reflect that.

Here are the essentials:

  • Progression on the learning continuum happens only when a student demonstrates mastery. Not at the end of a semester or at the end of the year, but when it happens. Not strictly in middle school or high school, but throughout the entire system. That’s not a classroom or even a school reform; that’s a system reform.
  • Learners have the opportunity, and are encouraged, to engage with content in ways that are meaningful for them. If a student is playing a sport, how can she apply what she needs to demonstrate mastery in math, science, and any applicable content standards? If a student is learning at an afterschool job, how can he bring proof back to the classroom?
  • Instructional supports and resources are provided that address the appropriate depth of knowledge for all learners and with all competencies. We need to look at what students are learning, to what depth of knowledge they have proven their competency, and what they’re ready for next. More importantly, all learners should be able to identify those key learning concepts as well.

Imagine this: you’re a teacher in a classroom where each and every one of your students is ready to tackle the rigor of the content, they’re engaged and ready to apply academic content  in meaningful ways throughout  their lives. That only happens if there’s a systemic practice of advancing students based on mastery in a highly personalized learning environment.

Students should be empowered to drive their own learning, and this classroom doesn’t have to be imaginary. It’s being done now, and the drive for personalized, competency-based education is only growing.

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Exploring the Intersection of Blockchain and Learning

Posts from WOL - Fri, 2016-05-20 13:29

Recently, my colleague Katie King and I had the honor of sharing material from our upcoming paper exploring the future of blockchain and learning at the University of Houston’s annual Foresight Gathering. “Learning on the Block: Could Smart Transactional Models Help Power Personalized Learning?” is a deep dive into the smart transactional models driver of change first written about in KnowledgeWorks’ The Future of Learning: Education in the Era of Partners in Code. The smart transactional models driver looks at how an emerging open culture movement and encryption technologies such as the blockchain are shaping the future. Our forthcoming forecast, “Learning on the Block,” explores how this driver of change might shape the future of learning by asking two framing questions:

  • In what ways might blockchain and smart contracts provide the technical foundation for a new architecture for education?
  • How might emerging social conditions and cultural mindsets motivate the adoption of these technologies in K-12 education?

We consider possible answers to these questions through four scenarios that imagine how blockchain might be used in learning in the year 2026.

For those who may not be familiar with blockchain, it is most commonly known as the distributed, encrypted ledger used to track transactions often associated with the crypto currency bitcoin, though use of blockchain have extended to things like digital rights management, wills, voting, housing deeds, and more. Being distributed, the blockchain does not rely on a trusted third party or central authority, such as a bank, to verify and record transactions. Instead, it uses a distributed network of computers to verify the transactions that are recorded to its ledger. The distributed verification process means that no single person has any more control of the process than any other. It also makes the transaction records immutable since all of the computers in the network must come to a consensus about every transaction. Being distributed, the ledger lives on all of the computers across the network and is therefore highly secure. Should one computer be hacked, the network would not be compromised.  For more detail on how the blockchain works, I recommend checking out this video.

distrubuted-vs-centralizedUnlike centralized networks (left), which require a central authority, the blockchain allows for distributed authority (right) to verify transactions. (Photo source: https://moonstone.io/)

During the course of our presentation, we had a lively discussion about what the future might hold for blockchain and its application in learning. One of the major takeaways I had from our discussion is that, even though the technology feels rather simple (a ledger that everyone can see and on whose contents everyone must agree), its implications are huge. For example, they could lead to a paradigm shift in how we think of authority (using the consensus of the network to verify transactions rather than having to go through traditional authorities). From the perspective of learning, this might mean changes in who issues credentials and how credentials are assessed. It could also reframe how we think about governance. For example, using blockchain technology to set up an automatic or self-governing learning ecosystem could potentially replace school boards. Given the scope of possible changes that blockchain might enable, many participants found themselves second guessing their understanding of the technology. It is interesting to consider how a concept as seemingly simple as a distributed ledger might create such deep change!

I would like to thank Dr. Andy Hines for letting us share our research from our upcoming forecast.

If you are interested in some of the ways that blockchain might be used in learning, please follow this link and register to be among the first to receive “Learning on the Block” upon its release.

In the meantime, what potential uses do you see for blockchain in learning?

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Microaggressions: Insidious and often personal

Posts from WOL - Fri, 2016-05-20 08:00

I recently attended a conference where I was one of the breakout speakers and had also agreed to lead a discussion of people at my table after the keynote presentation. When I arrived at the assigned table, there were no empty seats but there was room to add an extra chair,  something that one of the conference organizers did for me. A few minutes later a man who wasn’t seated when this took place returned to the table and told me that I had taken his chair (though his items were in from of the chair to my right). I replied that this was a new, extra chair and he then told me that I had separated him from his co-worker, who was now to my left. I offered to move to let him be next to her, and he demurred. He sat down and I heard him mumbling something about being a paying attendee and not needing to have to deal with this. A bit of relevant data here: I am black and this man was white.

His last remark was the salient one for me. Who or what did he think I was? As it happened, the company I work for was one of the major sponsors of the event. As I mentioned, I was also leading two breakout sessions, which were ironically focused on the topic of microaggressions and white privilege. Regardless of this man’s intent, which I admit I do not know, I felt like he was suggesting that for some reason he had both been wronged by my being  in that particular chair at that time.

For me, this was a microaggression.

Microaggression is a term that’s become somewhat prominent of late, especially on college campuses. Psychologist Derald Wind Sue, PhD, has written extensively about them and describes them as subtle statements and behaviors, both conscious and unconscious, that are intended to send negative messages to others because of their (perceived) membership in a particular group.

Microaggressions are expressed against people for reasons that include race or ethnicity, but also because of gender, sexual orientation, gender identify, physical ability and any other characteristic that’s deemed by a predominant group to be an outsider or non-conforming. At their core is a assumption that the prevailing culture is the standard and anything that is encountered as different from that standard is by definition less than. The basis of microaggressions includes community and environmental exposure beginning in childhood that serves to teach the individual what is right and acceptable and what is wrong and not acceptable.

Dr. Sue suggests that there are three categories of microaggression:

  1. Microassaults, which are the most obvious and include name-calling, avoidant behaviors and purposefully discriminatory actions.
  2. Microinvalidations, which tend to be unconscious , and include comments or behaviors that exclude, negate or nullify the feelings, thoughts or experiences of other people.
  3. Microinsults, again usually unconscious, and behaviors or verbal remarks that are rude, insentitive or demeaning of another person’s background, heritage or identity.

Microaggressions have taken the place of overt forms of “isms” and discrimination as people have become more conscious. Their subtlety combined with the unconscious element of their expression make them more insidious both because the recipient can’t always discern if what they heard was intended and the initiator can hide behind “not meaning” what was heard. Yet their impact can be significant.

Psychologists describe a condition referred to as minority stress that is described as high levels of stress faced by members of stigmatized groups. Minority stress includes poor social support and socioeconomic difficulties as well as prejudice and discrimination. Minority stress is believed to contribute to a variety of medical problems (cardiac problems and high blood pressure) as well as increased incidents of mental health disorders (including anxiety, mood disorders, depression and substance abuse.)

The man was in one of my sessions and though I was tempted to, I didn’t use this story to illustrate my point. One of the benefits of having white privilege is that you are often not held accountable for problematic behaviors by people of color because of our tendency to dismiss it as ignorance or worse. It also puts the burden on me to educate him about the impact of his behavior, something that takes time and energy and is often not worth it. So I chalked it up to another instance of what it takes to be black in America and I hope that I let it go and moved on.

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Deborah Delisle on the Importance of Keeping Students at the Center

Posts from WOL - Thu, 2016-05-19 08:00

This past spring, Deborah Delisle joined the nearly 200 educators from across the U.S. at the EDWorks Experience Conference in Atlanta, Georgia, to share her insights on what it takes for all of us in education to keep the students that the center of our work.

Ms. Delisle knows education. She knows it from her roles as a teacher, gifted education specialist, curriculum director, elementary school principal, district associate superintendent, superintendent, U.S. Assistant Secretary for Elementary and Secondary Education, and, currently, as President if ASCD. And we at KnowledgeWorks are lucky to have her as a member of our Board of Directors.

Keeping students at the center is at the core of the work we do at KnowledgeWorks with personalized learning and collective impact. We know the outcome is not good when students are not at the center of decision making for instructional leaders, administrators, practitioners, and funders. At KnowledgeWorks, we have also seen the power of what can happen in schools and for students when they are at the center – powerful engagement, inspiring agency, and, as one of our colleagues is famous for saying, minds on fire.

I’m grateful that we have people like Ms. Delisle helping to inform the work and strategy of KnowledgeWorks. As you’ll hear in her talk, she is always asking, “Whose voice is missing from the discussion?” It is from that missing voice that we will often find the answers to our most vexing questions in education. Give students their voice and, in most cases, they are going to tell us exactly what they need to be successful today so that they can be successful in the future.

Give students their voice and they are going to tell us exactly what they need to be successful.
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The central principle of student success, according to Ms. Delisle, are:

  • Personal validation
  • Self-efficacy
  • Sense of purpose
  • Active involvement
  • Reflecting thinking
  • Social integration

Learn more about the importance of keeping students at the center in this powerful presentation by Ms. Delisle:

Learn more about the work happening at KnowledgeWorks to personalize learning for all students.

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